National Centres of Competence in Research (NCCRs)
The NCCR “PlanetS – Origin, Evolution and Characterisation of Planets” aims to contribute to a better understanding of planets. In addition, the NCCR will coordinate the use of CHEOPS (CHaracterising ExOPlanets Satellite), whose launch into orbit is scheduled for 2017.
The Grand Challenges within the NCCR MUST (Molecular Ultrafast Science and Technology) aim at increasing our understanding of molecules, liquids, and solids, at the level of electrons and atoms, and define two main research strategies. First, Structural Dynamics, which includes all theoretical and technological developments and scientific questions that are concerned with dynamic rearrangements of both the electronic charge distribution and the position of atomic constituents upon photo-excitation. Second, Charge, Energy, and Signal Transfer, which includes, for example, electron transfer reactions, but also signal transport within proteins.
NCCR RNA & Disease
The research activities within the NCCR RNA & Disease aim at advancing our understanding of fundamental mechanisms in RNA biology, identifying disease phenotypes related to these mechanisms and developing ideas for novel therapeutic and diagnostic approaches. As a first step towards this goal, we will elucidate the molecular underpinnings of fundamental cellular processes and discover novel pathways. Building on the knowledge gained from our basic research, we explore how these findings can be used to solve medical challenges for both diagnostic and therapeutic applications as well as for the development of useful implementations in biotechnology or agriculture.
NCCR Trade Regulation
NCCR Trade Regulation aims to clarify how the world trading system functions and to explore the drivers of fragmentation and coherence. Implications of the debt crisis, the ascendance of emerging economies and a proliferation of preferential trade agreements serve as the backdrop for this NCCR’s third research phase. While multilateralism remains crucial to bringing about greater coherence among policy areas, fragmentation is increasing in a more complex regulatory environment. This NCCR aims to offer policy recommendations based on the disciplines of law, economics and political science through its six thematic research areas: trade governance; new preferentialism in trade; innovation and creativity in international trade; trade, development and migration; trade and climate change; and impact assessment in international trade regulation.
The NCCR TransCure is a joint effort of a multidisciplinary team of scientists in Swiss Universities who focus on a common subject: to apply excellence in membrane transporter research toward the treatment of human diseases through a unique interdisciplinary research programme combining three major disciplines (the so-called "TransCure Trias"):
- Physiology / pathophysiology / medicine
- Structural biology
Organic and medical chemistry / ligand design
The NCCR TransCure utilises expertise across many institutions throughout Switzerland and the approach of TransCure is designed to facilitate collaboration and coordination of activities with an entrepreneurial spirit. It is mainly funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation and University of Bern (leading house). The outcome of the NCCR TransCure project is expected to (1) contribute towards the understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of selected channels and transporters, (2) develop chemical tool compounds for basic scientific as well as application-oriented proof-of-concept studies, (3) promote women and young scientists in the field of transporter research and (4) build relationship with industrial partners through KTT activities.