Details of program The aim of the programme is to undertake research in probability, statistics, finance or actuarial science. It is expected that the research outcome is published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at international conferences. . The doctorate students are not required to attend any courses for the purpose of getting the PhD degree. Still, they may attend all courses offered by IMSV and those from the Programme doctoral en Statistique et Probabilités Appliquées. Furthermore, PhD students are required to attend seminars organized by IMSV and also present their results there.